Debates about purebred dogs have always been there. There’s a small segment of the population that often detests purebred dogs and their breeders.
It’s hard to determine if this is a generational issue, class issue, or politics. But this goes beyond the facts about dogs and their breeders.
At the present moment, we have over 400 recognized breeds of dogs in the world. Majority of them have historical origins dating back hundreds, even thousands of years. Dogs are a very successful species because of their adaptability.
They also make themselves useful in countless ways to humans so we kept breeding them. As a result, we have dogs that are able to herd, hunt, track, guard, among other things. As time goes by, the initial tasks that dogs used to handle are gradually changing. For instance, as humans, we don’t have to go hunting for food, it’s now a sport.
Although dogs don’t have to do such work, they have some specialized uses for search and rescue, narcotics detection and other kinds of detection. But the point is that we have people who love a dog’s appearance. Others love a breed because they are from the same tiny corner of the world and they feel a kinship with the dogs of their ancestors.
Others go for the temperament of a certain breed or its athletic ability. As you can see there are very many reasons that people have for loving certain breeds.
Over the centuries, we’ve had very many breeds that have become extinct over the centuries. Addressing the matter from a genetic viewpoint, it’s always good to have a wide selection of dogs that contribute to a breed’s foundation.
It might get to a point where you need to reintroduce some of the genes from an older breed for health reasons. But imagine if that breed is gone, this will not be possible.
The point is that we need breeders of purebred dogs today. Why? They’ll be in a position to preserve dog breeds. There are certain bills that are currently under consideration. For example, New Jersey would ban breeders from selling dogs outside the state unless the sale was made face-to-face.
If a breeder is based in New Jersey and they have a potential buyer in California, who is interested in one of their dogs, the buyer will have to go to New Jersey to see and buy the dog. Else the breeder has to go to California with the dog. This adds to the tremendous cost of the dog. The idea here is that there are many hurdles that exist in the acquisition of purebred dogs but at the end of the day, we see that it’s worthwhile.
This legislation has been proposed as a “consumer protection” but the whole intention behind it is to discourage and punish dog breeding.
There are other breeding bills that lump small breeders in with large commercial breeders. As a result, we find that small breeders are not able to meet some of the kennel requirements written for large commercial establishments. This is because they typically keep their dogs in their homes.
I’m not suggesting that people should not get a dog from a shelter or rescue if that’s what they want to do. There are many breed clubs that were among the first dog rescue groups in the U.S. At the end of the day, people need to have the freedom to purchase a purebred dog from a dedicated breeder without harassment or guilt. On the other hand, breeders should be able to breed their dogs without punitive laws.